James A. Garfield

 
 
20th President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1881 – September 19, 1881
Vice PresidentChester A. Arthur
Preceded byRutherford B. Hayes
Succeeded byChester A. Arthur
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio‘s 19th district
In office
March 4, 1863 – November 8, 1880
Preceded byAlbert G. Riddle
Succeeded byEzra B. Taylor
Chair of the
House Appropriations Committee
In office
March 4, 1871 – March 4, 1875
Preceded byHenry L. Dawes
Succeeded bySamuel J. Randall
Chair of the
House Financial Services Committee
In office
March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1871
Preceded byTheodore M. Pomeroy
Succeeded bySamuel Hooper
Chair of the
House Military Affairs Committee
In office
March 4, 1867 – March 4, 1869
Preceded byRobert C. Schenck
Succeeded byJohn A. Logan
Personal details
Born
James Abram Garfield

November 19, 1831
Moreland Hills, Ohio, U.S.
DiedSeptember 19, 1881 (aged 49)
Elberon, New Jersey, U.S.
Cause of deathAssassination
Resting placeJames A. Garfield Memorial
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Lucretia Rudolph (m. 1858)
Children7, including Hal, James, and Abram
EducationHiram College
Williams College (BA)
SignatureCursive signature in ink
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service1861–1863
RankUnion Army major general rank insignia.svg Major General
Commands42nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry
20th Brigade, 6th Division, Army of the Ohio
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War
 • Battle of Middle Creek
 • Battle of Shiloh
 • Siege of Corinth
 • Tullahoma Campaign
 • Battle of Chickamauga
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