James Buchanan

15th President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1857 – March 4, 1861
Vice PresidentJohn C. Breckinridge
Preceded byFranklin Pierce
Succeeded byAbraham Lincoln
United States Minister to the United Kingdom
In office
August 23, 1853 – March 15, 1856
Preceded byJoseph Reed Ingersoll
Succeeded byGeorge M. Dallas
17th United States Secretary of State
In office
March 10, 1845 – March 7, 1849
PresidentJames K. Polk
Zachary Taylor
Preceded byJohn C. Calhoun
Succeeded byJohn M. Clayton
United States Senator
from Pennsylvania
In office
December 6, 1834 – March 5, 1845
Preceded byWilliam Wilkins
Succeeded bySimon Cameron
5th United States Minister to Russia
In office
June 11, 1832 – August 5, 1833
PresidentAndrew Jackson
Preceded byJohn Randolph
Succeeded byWilliam Wilkins
Chairman of the
House Judiciary Committee
In office
March 5, 1829 – March 3, 1831
Preceded byPhilip Pendleton Barbour
Succeeded byWarren R. Davis
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania
In office
March 4, 1821 – March 3, 1831
Preceded byJacob Hibshman (3rd)
James S. Mitchell (4th)
Succeeded byDaniel H. Miller (3rd)
William Hiester (4th)
Constituency3rd district (1821–1823)
4th district (1823–1831)
Member of the
Pennsylvania House of Representatives
from Lancaster County
In office
Preceded byEmanuel Reigart, Joel Lightner, Jacob Grosh, John Graff, Henry Hambright, Robert Maxwell
Succeeded byJoel Lightner, Hugh Martin, John Forrey, Henry Hambright, Jasper Slaymaker, Jacob Grosh[1]
Personal details
BornApril 23, 1791
Cove Gap, Pennsylvania, U.S.
DiedJune 1, 1868 (aged 77)
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Cause of deathrespiratory failure
Resting placeWoodward Hill Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic
ChildrenHarriet Lane, adopted
EducationDickinson College (BA)
SignatureCursive signature in ink
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/servicePennsylvania Militia
Years of service1814[2][3]
UnitHenry Shippen’s Company, 1st Brigade, 4th Division
Battles/warsWar of 1812
 • Defense of Baltimore
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